Also known as the Pentateuch, refers to the Five Books of Moses—the entirety of Judaism's founding legal and ethical religious texts.
The Book of Torah or Torah Scroll is a copy of the Torah written on parchment in a formal, traditional manner by a specially trained scribe under strict requirements.
The Torah is the first of three parts of the Tanakh (Hebrew Bible), the founding religious document of Judaism, and is divided into five books, whose names in English are Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy.
The Torah contains a variety of literary genres, including allegory, historical narrative, poetry, genealogy, and the exposition of various types of law.
Outside of its central significance in Judaism, the Torah is accepted by Christianity as part of the Bible, comprising the first five books of the Old Testament.
"The ancient Greek translation of the Tanak translated the word Torah as name, or law," by Wylen, Stephen M.
"Settings of Silver: An Introduction to Judaism." Paulist Press (2001)
"Torah" at the Jewish Virtual Library
Philip Birnbaum; "Encyclopedia of Jewish Concepts;" Hebrew Publishing Co. (1964)
Eisenberg, Ronald L.; "The JPS Guide to Jewish Traditions;"
Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society (2004)